oracle1654,ORA-01654 错误的解决方法

oracle1654,ORA-01654 错误的解决方法问题现象:测试库使用如下方式创建索引:createindexIDX_ANA_OFFICEonANA(OFFICE_CITY,OFFICE_NO)tablespaceIDXpctfree10initrans2maxtr

问题现象:

测试库使用如下方式创建索引:

create index IDX_ANA_OFFICE on ANA (OFFICE_CITY, OFFICE_NO)

tablespace IDX

pctfree 10

initrans 2

maxtrans 255

storage

(

initial 128K

next 128K

minextents 1

maxextents unlimited

pctincrease 0

);

报错:ORA-01654: unable to extend index GALT.IDX_OFFICE by 128 in tablespace IDX

改为默认创建:

create index IDX_ANA_PNR_OFFICE on ANA (OFFICE_CITY, OFFICE_NO)

tablespace IDX;

查看SQL是:

storage

(

initial 64K

next 1M

minextents 1

maxextents unlimited

);

问题追查:

1、首先针对1654这个报错,MOS是这样介绍的:

Error: ORA-01654

Text: unable to extend index %s.%s by %s in tablespace %s

——————————————————————————-

Cause: Failed to allocate extent for index segment in tablespace.

Action: Use the ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more

files to the specified tablespace

(1)、针对表空间不足的情况,建议使用DBA_FREE_SPACE视图进行查询(Note: 121259.1提供了若干脚本)。

(2)、另外,针对索引的问题,DBA_INDEXES视图则描述了下一个分区(NEXT_EXTENT)的大小,以及所有索引的百分比增长(PCT_INCREASE)。“next_extent”指的是试图分配的区大小(也就是报错中涉及的内容)。

区分配计算:next_extent = next_extent * (1 + (pct_increase/100))

在Concept中描述了为段分配区的算法

How Extents Are Allocated

Oracle uses different algorithms to allocate extents, depending on whether they are locally managed or dictionary managed. With locally managed tablespaces, Oracle looks for free space to allocate to a new extent by first determining a candidate datafile in the tablespace and then searching the datafile’s bitmap for the required number of adjacent free blocks. If that datafile does not have enough adjacent free space, then Oracle looks in another datafile.

MOS也提出了若干可能的解决方法:

Possible solutions:

——————

– Manually coalesce adjacent free extents:

ALTER TABLESPACE COALESCE;

The extents must be adjacent to each other for this to work.

– Add a datafile:

ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE ‘

name>’ SIZE ;

– Resize the datafile:

ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE ” RESIZE ;

– Enable autoextend:

ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE ” AUTOEXTEND ON

MAXSIZE UNLIMITED;

– Defragment the Tablespace

– Lower “next_extent” and/or “pct_increase” size:

ALTER STORAGE ( next

pctincrease );

下面这句话我认为是重点:

“这个错误并未指出表空间中是否有足够的空间,仅仅说明Oracle不能找到一个足够大的连续空间用来匹配next extent。

2、另一篇文章“TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE (TSG) – UNABLE TO CREATE / EXTEND Errors”说明了各种关于“UNABLE TO CREATE / EXTEND”的错误。

“unable to extend”的错误是指当没有足够连续的空间用来分配段的情况。

I. 提出了解决这种错误所需要的信息:

(1)、判断报错表空间中最大的连续空间是多少。

SELECT max(bytes) FROM dba_free_space WHERE tablespace_name = ”;

这个SQL返回的是表空间最大允许的连续块大小。(DBA_FREE_SPACE不会返回临时表空间的信息,可以参考“DBA_FREE_SPACE Does not Show Information about Temporary Tablespaces (文档 ID 188610.1)”这篇文章会介绍如何查看临时表空间的连续块大小)。

如果在这个报错之后立即执行上述SQL,则返回的表空间中连续的最大块会小于这个对象正在试图分配的next extent的空间。

(2)、判断NEXT_EXTENT大小。

a) 对于PCT_INCREASE=0的字典管理表空间(DMT)或者使用统一UNIFORM区管理的本地管理表空间(LMT),使用如下SQL:

SELECT NEXT_EXTENT, PCT_INCREASE

FROM DBA_SEGMENTS

WHERE SEGMENT_NAME =

AND SEGMENT_TYPE =

AND OWNER =

AND TABLESPACE_NAME = ;

其中segment_type会展示在错误信息中,可能包含如下类型的segment:

CLUSTER

INDEX

INDEX PARTITION

LOB PARTITION

LOBINDEX

LOBSEGMENT

NESTED TABLE

ROLLBACK

TABLE

TABLE PARTITION

TYPE2 UNDO

TYPE2 UNDO (ORA-1651)

同样地,segment_name可以在错误信息中找到。

b) 对于使用SYSTEM|AUTOALLOCATE区管理的本地管理表空间(LMT)。

没有方法可以查询它的next extent大小。只能查询错误信息,错误信息中的块数乘以表空间的块大小,以此来判断需要创建的区大小。

c) 对于PCT_INCREASE>0的字典管理表空间(DMT)。

SELECT EXTENT_MANAGEMENT FROM DBA_TABLESPACES WHERE TABLESPACE_NAME = ”;

使用如下公式计算需要分配的区大小:

extent size = next_extent * (1 + (pct_increase/100)

例如:

next_extent = 512000

pct_increase = 50

next extent size = 512000 * (1 + (50/100)) = 512000 * 1.5 = 768000

注意:

ORA-01650 Rollback Segment

pct_increase仅用于Oracle若干早期版本,后面版本中回滚段的pct_increase默认是0。

ORA-01652 Temporary Segment

临时段与表空间创建的存储默认值相同。

如果查询出现错误,则需要判断这个查询语句是否尽可能地最优以完成排序。

(3)、判断表空间是否包含了AUTOEXTENSIBLE,并已经达到MAXSIZ。

对于数据文件:

SELECT file_name, bytes, autoextensible, maxbytes FROM dba_data_files WHERE tablespace_name=’ ‘;

对于临时文件:

SELECT file_name, bytes, autoextensible, maxbytes FROM dba_temp_files WHERE tablespace_name=’ ‘;

(4)、判断哪种解决方法最优。

如果NEXT EXTENT的容量(步骤2或3)大于空闲空间最大的连续块,那么“Manually Coalesce Adjacent Free Extents”是个选择���如果coalesce后仍旧没有足够的连续空间,那么可能需要其他的选项。

如果表空间的数据文件/临时文件的卷有足够的空间,那么添加数据文件/临时文件或消除表空间碎片化可能管用,将这个文件添加到新卷中。

如果表空间是AUTOEXTENSIBLE并且已经MAXSIZE,那么需要提高最大容量(确认有足够的卷空间),或者添加数据文件/临时文件,或者消除碎片化。

如果NEXT EXTENT的容量(步骤2或3)小于空闲空间最大的连续块,那么就需要联系Oracle支持。

II. 可能的解决方案:

(1)、手工合并相邻的空闲区。

ALTER TABLESPACE COALESCE;

(2)、将一个或多个数据文件/临时文件修改为使用AUTOEXTEND。

ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE|TEMPFILE ” AUTOEXTEND ON MAXSIZE

注意:强烈建议明确MAXSIZE参数,防止数据文件/临时文件消耗卷上的所有可用空间。

(3)、添加数据文件/临时文件。

ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE|TEMPFILE ” SIZE ;

(4)、如果段是字典管理表空间,可以降低“next_extent”和/或“pct_increase”的大小。

对于非临时段和非分区段:

ALTER STORAGE ( next pctincrease );

对于非临时段和分区段:

ALTER TABLE MODIFY PARTITION STORAGE ( next pctincrease );

对于临时段:

ALTER TABLESPACE DEFAULT STORAGE (initial next pctincrease );

(5)、重改数据文件/临时文件的大小。

ALTER DATABASE DATAFILE|TEMPFILE ” RESIZE ;

(6)、消除表空间的碎片。

附录:和此类解决方法相关的报错:

ORA-1650: unable to extend rollback segment %s by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent of the required number of blocks for a rollback segment in the tablespace.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-1651: unable to extend save undo segment by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent of the required number of blocks for saving undo entries for the indicated offline tablespace.

Action: Check the storage parameters for the SYSTEM tablespace. The tablespace needs to be brought back online so the undo can be applied.

ORA-1652: unable to extend temp segment by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent of the required number of blocks for a temporary segment in the tablespace indicated.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-1653: unable to extend table %s.%s by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent of the required number of blocks for a table segment in the tablespace indicated.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-1654: unable to extend index %s.%s by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent of the required number of blocks for an index segment in the tablespace indicated.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-1655: unable to extend cluster %s.%s by %s for tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent of the required number of blocks for a cluster segment in tablespace indicated.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-1658: unable to create INITIAL extent for segment in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to find sufficient contiguous space to allocate INITIAL extent for segment being created.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE to add additional space to the tablespace or retry with a smaller value for INITIAL

ORA-1659 unable to allocate MINEXTENTS beyond %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to find sufficient contiguous space to allocate MINEXTENTS for the segment being created.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE to add additional space to the tablespace or retry with smaller value for MINEXTENTS, NEXT or PCTINCREASE

ORA-1683: unable to extend index %s.%s partition %s by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent of the required number of blocks for index segment in the tablespace indicated.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-1688: unable to extend table %s.%s partition %s by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent of the required number of blocks for table segment in the tablespace indicated.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-1691: unable to extend lob segment %s.%s by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent of the required number of blocks for LOB segment in the tablespace indicated.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-1692: unable to extend lob segment %s.%s partition %s by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent of the required number of blocks for LOB segment in the tablespace indicated.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-3233: unable to extend table %s.%s subpartition %s by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent for table subpartition segment in tablespace.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-3234: unable to extend index %s.%s subpartition %s by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: Failed to allocate an extent for index subpartition segment in tablespace.

Action: Use ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

ORA-3238: unable to extend LOB segment %s.%s subpartition %s by %s in tablespace %s

Cause: An attempt was made to allocate an extent for LOB subpartition segment in tablespace, but the extent could not be allocated because there is not enough space in the tablespace indicated.

Action: Use the ALTER TABLESPACE ADD DATAFILE statement to add one or more files to the tablespace indicated.

总结:

针对上面案例中的错误,总体讲是空间不足导致的,之所以使用第二个SQL可以,原因可能就是这种参数值设置下的满足可以空闲空间连续块的容量,上面采用的是减小extent分配大小的方式,另外上面提到的扩大文件、修改参数值、消除碎片化等方法都可以尝试使用。

今天的文章oracle1654,ORA-01654 错误的解决方法分享到此就结束了,感谢您的阅读。

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